What is Polycystic Ovary or PCOD and how to live with it


Polycystic Ovary or PCOD is the most common hormonal disorder in women of all ages.

One in every three women have Polycytic ovary or  PCOD or have the risk of it.

As CoffeeTable always pays special interest on Women health We grabbed the opportunity, to get the inputs for PCOD through a renowned cosmetic gynecologist in Gurgaon, Ms.Ragini Agarwal.

Dr.Ragini Agarwal, a gynecologist surgeon as well as a director of a renowned hospital in Gurgaon.

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She has spent some time with us on letting us know what is PCOD? How PCOD is caused? What are cures and precautions for PCOD? What are symptoms of PCOD? On behalf of CoffeeTable, We thank her sincerely for providing such valuable information, that will help everyone to understand a Women’s system.

What is Polycytic Ovary or PCOD?

In an ideal situation, the ovaries produce follicles, which grow into an egg.

The egg then travels to the uterus for fertilization, and if fertilization doesn’t occur; the menstrual cycle ejects it from the body. In cases of PCOD, follicles don’t grow into eggs. The ovaries continue to generate follicles, which cause cysts.

This leads to disruptions in the normal menstrual cycle, affects fertility, causes acne and even causes the body to make more androgens (male hormones)which leads to excess facial hair growth, and male-pattern hair fall/baldness.

PCOD is a condition where enlarged cysts form on the outer edge of each ovary in most of the patient suffering from this disease.

What are the symptoms of PCOD?

Some of the most common symptoms are irregular periods, excess body or facial hair, acne and difficulty maintaining a healthy weight.

It may also be associated with depression, difficulty getting pregnant, predisposition to type II diabetes and other long-term health problems.

Depending on the degree of the hormonal imbalance, the symptoms of PCOD may vary in severity. Things to watch out for:

  • Irregular menstrual cycle

  • Infertility

  • Excessive hair growth on the face, around the nipples, or the lower abdomen

  • Persistent acne

  • Obesity

  • Thinning of the hair on the head

  • Insulin resistance

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At what age can PCOD be found in Women?

PCOD can distress a woman at any time between the stages of puberty to menopause.

Worldwide it is estimated 1 in 15 women are diagnosed with PCOD. BUT ‘In Dr Ragini’s experience it is as common as….one in three…’

How to live with PCOD?

Ms.Ragini Agarwal says, for women living with PCOD, it is important to remember that there are solutions out there.


Although there is no straightforward cure to PCOD, there are treatments to manage and reduce the symptoms and consequences effectively.

The cysts can be treated with a type of heat therapy known as diathermy or through a laparoscopic (keyhole surgery) drilling of the cysts.

Insulin sensitivity is typically enhanced with an anti-diabetic drug called Metfromin.

If the woman doesn’t want to have children as of now then, normal menstrual cycles can be induced with oral contraceptives.

If the woman wants to conceive, infertility can be treated with certain drugs like Clomifene and other fertility drugs.


Exercise is advisable for the obvious reason of weight reduction.

However, dropping inches or losing a few kilograms aren’t the only motives to exercise.

Research has proven that women with PCOD who did 3 hours of aerobic exercise per week for 12 weeks had improved insulin sensitivity, cholesterol and body fat composition even though they did not lose any weight.

So, even though you might not see any physical improvements, do not to be despondent about it. Think about the long-term effects instead.

Do check out the CoffeeTable article on How to start exercising?.

A few tips to plan your exercise routine:

  • Controlling insulin levels is crucial. So take a brisk walk before lunch and dinner so when you eat your body is still working and your insulin level will not shoot up.
  • A mix of cardio and strength exercises is the ideal PCOD exercise routine.
  • Find an activity, or sport that you enjoy to keep yourself motivated.
  • Start slow and build up your exercise regime. Aim at increasing your physical activity to at least 5 days a week for 60 minutes per day.
  • Yoga can help open up the pelvic area and promote relaxation. Certain exercises like Butterfly Pose, Bharadvajasana, ChakkiChalanasana, Padma Sadhana and others are particularly recommended for PCOD patients.
  • Beginners can start it slow and steady, for more information on how to get started check here.



  • Weight loss is an important part of PCOD treatment, but of course, it is easier said that done. The aim, in any eventuality, should be to follow a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Having small and frequent meals to maintain the glucose levels through the day very important.
  • Typically, consume meals that are low in simple carbohydrates, high in fibre and rich in proteins.
  • Broadly, vegetables, fruits, whole grains, plant–based protein, lean meats, and healthy fats make a PCOD-friendly diet.
  • Eating Maida or refined flour is a strict no. These are much available in Pizza, burgar, biscuits, cakes ( generally in any baked goods).
  • CoffeeTable has also written a detailed article on do’s and don ts of a  healthy diet.


Healthy Food Options:

  • Try brown rice, whole–wheat pasta, and multigrain breads in place of low–fibre grains such as white rice, pasta, or white bread.
  • Indian foods to consider are lentils (dals), paneer, soya beans, all nuts (in moderate quantities), flaxseed, oats, wheat flakes, idli and dosa (but use brown rice ).
  • Avoid foods with vanaspati (hydrogenated fats) which are used in mithai and namkeen, sugary drinks like aerated beverages, canned fruit juices, and sherbets
  • Needless to say, cakes and cookies are best left untouched too.
  • Non-vegetarians can enjoy grilled chicken, fish, prawns, and eggs with yolk. Avoid red meats, cold cuts, fried meats, and lobsters.


PCOD is a hormonal condition which if left untreated can have lots of health problem in future.

Women suffering from this disease can develop early diabetes, increase lipid which can lead to hypertension and cardiovascular problems, even uterus cancer.

One very noticeable consequence is its effect on liver leading to a fatty liver. The liver will be inflamed in 25 % women it can lead to non-alcoholic cirrhotic hepatitis which is a serious disease.

As this is long term disease and lifestyle modification is very important, it is advisable to keep in touch with your health care provider always.


The article is on medical terms and CoffeeTable finds itself in a responsible situation and it thereby giving the profile of the Doctor, with their concern.

( This is done in order to ensure, the authenticity of the article and to make people understand the importance of the changing to a healthy lifestyle for a healthy living).

Dr.Ragini Agarwal, a gynecologist surgeon, is the first GyneEndoscopist of Haryana, practicing in Private Sector.

  • First Gynecologist to do operative laparoscopy like lap hysterectomy in  Gurgaon.
  • She introduced Aesthetic Gynecology & Laser in North India.
  • Free medical camp by Gurgaon Ob-Gyn society – first ever by any medical society in Gurgaon

CoffeeTable extends its sincere thanks to Ms.Ragini Agarwal and Jyotsna Sehgal( co-ordinator between Ms.Ragini and CoffeeTable) for giving us and letting us know more about PCOD and the importance of adopting a healthy lifestyle.

Please let me know you valuable comments, and how think how PCOD can be handled based on your experience or someone close to you on our Facebook Page. If there is anything you would require from CoffeeTable based on WomenHealth please do write to contactcoffeetable@gmail.com

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